1680 km gas pipeline will start its journey from Turkmenistan and its final destination will be India-Pakistan border. TAPI gas pipeline is an agreement signed between four countries (Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India) is estimated to be US 7.6 billion dollar. According to UK auditing firm Gaffney, Cline & Associates, Turkmenistan is the fourth or fifth largest reserve of natural gas.
This pipeline will help to overcome acute shortage of energy in India, Pakistan as well as in Afghanistan. Turkmenistan will also likely to capture market and diversify its existing market from China and Russia. This is actually a win-win solution for all four countries and other countries has also shown praise for this project.
Canada National Defense minister also spokes about the pipeline that if Taliban plays its role in destruction of pipeline than we are ready to play our role. Also NATO secretary journal said that the saving pipeline is first priority. This project will help other countries to build revenue as they will take part in the construction of this pipeline, sponsored by Asian Development Bank (ADB).
Route Of TAPI Pipeline :
The pipeline will run from the Turkmenistan gas fields to Afghanistan. It will start from the Dauletabad gas fields and run into Afghanistan alongside the highway running from Heart to Kandahar and then via Quetta and Multan in Pakistan. The final destination of the pipeline will be Fazilka near the India-Pakistan border.
Alternative of TAPI, IPI :
Pakistan and India for fulfilling there energy crises, negotiating with Iran for Iran-Pakistan-India gas pipeline. But India with its tensed relation with Pakistan are not showing any serious concerns with this project. Pakistan on the other hand is willing to signed with Iran but due to political and International tension, this project is not executing and not showing any progress like the way TAPI did. China has also shown its interest and is likely to take part in this project if it progresses.